The table of raw data below shows the raw data for 10 respondents for 3 variables from a variable of the cola market. Each row shows a single case, which, in this case, are people that answered a survey. Each column shows a variable, which records some property of the observation (e.g., age, gender). In this instance, the columns are showing answers to questions on age, cola preference, and attitude to Coca-Cola.
This is a table just like any other table, except that it happens to show raw data.